Skip to main content

Map of NicaraguaNicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.

The population of Nicaragua is slightly over 6 million.

Nicaragua's capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America.

The multi-ethnic population includes indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin.

The main language is Spanish. Native tribes on the eastern coast speak their own languages.


Nicaragua flag

Official Name: Republic of Nicaragua

Capital: Managua

Population: 6,071,045 (2012 census)

Area: 130,375 sq km

Coastline: 910 km

Religion: Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2% (Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%), Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, other 1.6%, none 15.7% (2005 est.)

Language: Spanish(official), English, Miskito,Rama, Sumo, Creole

Ethnic groups: 69% Mestizo, 17% White, 9% Black, 5% Indigenous  (2011)

Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Currency: Cordoba (NIO)